1.2.1. Getting barebox¶
barebox is released on a monthly basis. The version numbers use the format YYYY.MM.N, so 2014.06.0 is the monthly release for June 2014. Stable releases are done as needed to fix critical problems and are indicated by incrementing the suffix (for example 2014.06.1).
All releases can be downloaded from:
Development versions of barebox are accessible via Git. A local repository clone can be checked out as follows:
$ git clone git://git.pengutronix.de/git/barebox.git Cloning into 'barebox'... remote: Counting objects: 113356, done. remote: Compressing objects: 100% (25177/25177), done. remote: Total 113356 (delta 87910), reused 111155 (delta 85935) Receiving objects: 100% (113356/113356), 33.13 MiB | 183.00 KiB/s, done. Resolving deltas: 100% (87910/87910), done. Checking connectivity... done. Checking out files: 100% (5651/5651), done.
By default, the master branch is checked out. If you want to develop for barebox, this is the right branch to send patches against.
If you want to see which patches are already selected for the next release,
you can look at the
$ git checkout -b next origin/remotes/next
A web interface to the repository is available at https://git.pengutronix.de/cgit/barebox
barebox uses Kconfig from the Linux kernel as a configuration tool,
where all configuration is done via the
make command. Before running
it you have to specify your architecture with the
variable and the cross compiler with the
ARCH must be one of:
CROSS_COMPILE should be the prefix of your cross compiler. This can
either contain the full path or, if the cross compiler binary is
in your $PATH, just the prefix.
CROSS_COMPILE once before working on barebox:
export ARCH=arm export CROSS_COMPILE=/path/to/arm-cortexa8-linux-gnueabihf- make ...
or add them to each invocation of the
ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=/path/to/arm-cortexa8-linux-gnueabihf- make ...
For readability, ARCH/CROSS_COMPILE are skipped from the following examples.
22.214.171.124. Configuring for a board¶
All configuration files can be found under the
directory. For an overview of possible Make targets for your architecture,
Your output from
make help will be based on the architecture you’ve
selected via the
ARCH variable. So if, for example, you had selected:
your help output would represent all of the generic (architecture-independent) targets, followed by the MIPS-specific ones:
make [ARCH=mips] help ... ... list of generic targets ... ... Architecture specific targets (mips): No architecture specific help defined for mips ath79_defconfig - Build for ath79 bcm47xx_defconfig - Build for bcm47xx gxemul-malta_defconfig - Build for gxemul-malta loongson-ls1b_defconfig - Build for loongson-ls1b qemu-malta_defconfig - Build for qemu-malta xburst_defconfig - Build for xburst
barebox supports building for multiple boards with a single config. If you
can’t find your board in the list, it may be supported by one of the multi-board
configs. As an example, this is the case for tegra_v7_defconfig and imx_v7_defconfig.
Select your config with
The configuration can be further customized with one of the configuration frontends
with the most popular being
barebox uses the same configuration and build system as Linux (Kconfig,
Kbuild), so you can use all the kernel config targets you already know, e.g.
make allyesconfig etc.
126.96.36.199. Configuring and compiling “out-of-tree”¶
Before going any further, it’s worth knowing how you can do all your barebox
configuration and compilation “out of tree”; that is, how you can keep your
source directory pristine and have all output from the various
generated in a separate build directory.
Once you check out your barebox source directory, and before you do any
configuration or building, set the environment variable
to point to your intended output directory, as in:
From that point on, all of the
make commands you run in your source
directory will generate their output in your specified output directory.
Not only does this keep your source directory clean, but it allows several
developers to share the same source directory while doing all their own
configuration and building in their own individual build directories.
To do out-of-tree builds, your source tree must be absolutely clean
of all generated artifacts from previous configurations and builds.
In other words, if you had earlier done any configuration or building
in that source tree that dumped its results into the same source tree
directory, you need to do the equivalent of a
make distclean before
using that source directory for any out-of-tree builds.
After barebox has been configured it can be compiled simply with:
The resulting binary varies depending on the board barebox is compiled for.
Without Multi Image Support support the
barebox-flash-image link will point
to the binary for flashing/uploading to the board. With Multi Image Support support
the compilation process will finish with a list of images built under
images built: barebox-freescale-imx51-babbage.img barebox-genesi-efikasb.img barebox-freescale-imx53-loco.img barebox-freescale-imx53-loco-r.img barebox-freescale-imx53-vmx53.img barebox-tq-mba53-512mib.img barebox-tq-mba53-1gib.img barebox-datamodul-edm-qmx6.img barebox-guf-santaro.img barebox-gk802.img
1.2.4. Starting barebox¶
Bringing barebox to a board for the first time is highly board specific, see your board documentation for initial bringup.
For ARM and RISC-V, the barebox build can additionally generate a generic DT image
respectively). The resulting
images/barebox-dt-2nd.img can be booted just
like a Linux kernel that is passed an external device tree. For example:
U-Boot: tftp $kernel_addr barebox-dt-2nd.img U-Boot: tftp $fdt_addr my-board.dtb U-Boot: booti $kernel_addr - $fdt_addr
For non-DT enabled-bootloaders or other architectures, often the normal barebox
binaries can also be used as they are designed to be startable second stage
from another bootloader, where possible. For example, if you have U-Boot running
on your board, you can start barebox with U-Boot’s
bootm command. The bootm
command doesn’t support the barebox binaries directly, they first have to be
converted to uImage format using the mkimage tool provided with U-Boot:
sh: mkimage -n barebox -A arm -T kernel -C none -a 0x80000000 -d \ build/images/barebox-freescale-imx53-loco.img image
U-Boot expects the start address of the binary to be given in the image using the
-a option. The address depends on the board and must be an address which isn’t
used by U-Boot. You can pick the same address you would use for generating a kernel
image for that board. The image can then be started with
U-Boot: tftp $load_addr barebox.bin U-Boot: bootm $load_addr
With barebox already running on your board, this can be used to chainload
another barebox. For instance, if you mounted a TFTP server to
(see TFTP filesystem for how to do that), chainload barebox with:
barebox.bin (with PreBootLoader images (PBL) support enabled
should be startable second stage. The final binaries (
images/*.img) may or may not
be startable second stage as it may have SoC specific headers which prevent running second
stage. barebox will usually have handlers in-place to skip these headers, so
it can chainload itself regardless.
1.2.5. First Steps¶
This is a typical barebox startup log:
barebox 2014.06.0-00232-g689dc27-dirty #406 Wed Jun 18 00:25:17 CEST 2014 Board: Genesi Efika MX Smartbook detected i.MX51 revision 3.0 mc13xxx-spi mc13892@00: Found MC13892 ID: 0x0045d0 [Rev: 2.0a] m25p80 m25p800: sst25vf032b (4096 Kbytes) ata0: registered /dev/ata0 imx-esdhc 70004000.esdhc: registered as 70004000.esdhc imx-esdhc 70008000.esdhc: registered as 70008000.esdhc imx-ipuv3 40000000.ipu: IPUv3EX probed netconsole: registered as cs2 malloc space: 0xabe00000 -> 0xafdfffff (size 64 MiB) mmc1: detected SD card version 2.0 mmc1: registered mmc1 barebox-environment environment-sd.7: setting default environment path to /dev/mmc1.barebox-environment running /env/bin/init... Hit any key to stop autoboot: 3 barebox@Genesi Efika MX Smartbook:/
Without intervention, barebox will continue booting after 3 seconds. If interrupted by pressing a key, you will find yourself at the shell.
At the shell type
help for a list of supported commands.
help <command> shows
the usage for a particular command. barebox has tab completion which will complete
your command. Arguments to commands are also completed depending on the command. If
a command expects a file argument only files will be offered as completion. Other
commands will only complete devices or devicetree nodes.
1.2.6. Building barebox tools¶
The normal barebox build results in one or more barebox images (cf. Multi Image Support)
and a number of tools built from its
Most tools are used for the barebox build itself: e.g. the device tree compiler, the Kconfig machinery and the different image formatting tools that wrap barebox, so it may be loaded by the boot ROM of the relevant SoCs.
In addition to these barebox also builds host and target tools that are useful
outside of barebox build: e.g. to manipulate the environment or to load an
image over a boot ROM’s USB recovery protocol. These tools may link against
libraries, which are detected using
for native and cross build respectively. Their default values are:
These can be overridden using environment or make variables.
As use of pkg-config both for host and target tool in the same build can
complicate build system integration. There are two
to make this more straight forward:
188.8.131.52. Host Tools¶
hosttools_defconfig will compile standalone host tools for the
host (build) system. To build the USB loaders,
PKG_CONFIG needs to know
libusb-1.0. This config won’t build any target tools.
export ARCH=sandbox make hosttools_defconfig make scripts
184.108.40.206. Target Tools¶
targettools_defconfig will cross-compile standalone target tools for the
target system. To build the USB loaders,
CROSS_PKG_CONFIG needs to know
libusb-1.0. This config won’t build any host tools, so it’s ok to
pkg-config is primed for target
export ARCH=sandbox CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu- export CROSS_PKG_CONFIG=pkg-config make targettools_defconfig make scripts